Tutorials : Self Learning Library - FREE PDFs

List of Guides for free reading : Adobe PDF Format - Self Help

Self Help Tutorials List (click on any link below)



I am pleased to offer the following publications as a self-help selection of useful computer learning and technology resources for the public community.

The publication guides in this section are formatted in Adobe PDF. To open, read and print a guide, just click on a title. If your browser does not display a publication, please visit the Adobe Web site(outside this site)and follow the simple instructions for downloading and installing the free version of the Adobe Reader.

PDF Guides:



Shortcut Keys for Windows 10 (new features)

Windows key + A: Open the Action Center
Windows key + C: Launch Cortana in listening mode (for voice commands)
Windows key + I: Open the Settings app
Windows key + S: Launch Cortana
Windows key + Tab: Open Task View
Windows key + Ctrl + D: Create a new virtual desktop
Windows key + Ctrl + F4: Close the current desktop
Windows key + Ctrl + left or right arrow: switch between virtual desktops

Here are the most important Windows 10 keyboard shortcuts:

Winkey 10 keyboard shortcut Description
Winkey + Tab Activates Task View
Winkey + A Activates Action Center
Winkey + C Activates Cortana with speech>
Winkey + D Shows desktop
Winkey + E Opens File Explorer
Winkey + G Activates the new Xbox game bar to let you record games or take screenshots.
Winkey + H Activates share feature in Windows 10 apps
Winkey + I
Opens Windows 10 settings
Winkey + K Activates Connect feature to stream to wireless displays and audio devices
Winkey + L Locks a machine
Winkey + P Project a screen
Winkey + R Run a command
Winkey + S
Activates Cortana
Winkey + X Opens power user features
Winkey + Left / Right / Up / Down Snaps apps to the side of a screen (press Up or Down after snapping left / right to enable four apps to snap)
Winkey + Ctrl + D Creates a new virtual desktop
Winkey + Ctrl + F4 Close virtual desktop
Winkey + Ctrl + Left or Right Switch between virtual desktops
Winkey + Shift + Left or Right Move apps from one monitor to another
Winkey + 1 / 2 / 3... Open programs that are pinned on the taskbar. The first app is number one.


Standard Windows shortcuts (Windows 7+)

Windows key (Windows 7 and up): Open/close the Start menu
Windows key + X (Windows 8.1 and 10): Open/close the Start button’s right-click context menu Windows key + left or right arrow (Windows 7 and up): snap current window to right or left of screenWindows key + (Windows 7 and up): Launch File Explorer Windows key + (Windows 7 and up): Lock the desktop 
Alt + PrtScn (Windows 7 and up): Take a screenshot of current window and copy it to your clipboard Windows key + PrtScn (Windows 8.1 and 10): Take a screenshot of entire display and save to Computer > Pictures > Screenshots

Browser shortcuts (works in Edge and most other browsers)

Ctrl + T: Open new tab
Ctrl + D: Bookmark page
Ctrl + L: Highlight current URL (good for typing a new address or copying the current one)
Ctrl + Tab: Cycle through your open tabs
Ctrl + Enter: add “.com” to the end of a web address (e.g. type ‘google’ then Ctrl + Enter to get google.com)

Windows shortcut keys (general):

The two tables show below illustrate a good list of shortcut keys that are available on Windows computers and most software programs. It is recommended that you keep a reference of short cut keys. Doing so will help increase your daily software productivity.

Shortcut Keys

Description

Alt + F File menu options in current program.
Alt + E Edit options in current program
F1 Universal Help in almost every Windows program.
Ctrl + A Select all text.
Ctrl + X Cut selected item.
Shift + Del Cut selected item.
Ctrl + C Copy selected item.
Ctrl + Ins Copy selected item
Ctrl + V Paste
Shift + Ins Paste
Home Goes to beginning of current line.
Ctrl + Home Goes to beginning of document.
End Goes to end of current line.
Ctrl + End Goes to end of document.
Shift + Home Highlights from current position to beginning of line.
Shift + End Highlights from current position to end of line.
Ctrl + Left arrow Moves one word to the left at a time.
Ctrl + Right arrow Moves one word to the right at a time.

This table lists all the major shortcut keys in Microsoft Windows as well as the various versions of Microsoft Windows they are supported by.

Shortcut Keys 3.x 95 98 ME NT 2000 XP Vista Description
Alt + Tab X X X X X X X X Switch between open applications.
Alt + Shift + Tab X X X X X X X X Switch backwards between open applications.
Alt + double-click   X X X X X X X Display the properties of the object you double-click on. For example, doing this on a file would display its properties.
Ctrl + Tab X X X X X X X X Switches between program groups or document windows in applications that support this feature.
Ctrl + Shift + Tab X X X X X X X X Same as above but backwards.
Alt + Print Screen X X X X X X X X Create a screen shot only for the program you are currently in.
Ctrl + Alt + Del X X X X X X X X Reboot the computer and/or bring up the Windows task manager.
Ctrl + Esc X X X X X X X X Bring up the Windows Start menu. In Windows 3.x this would bring up the Task Manager.
Alt + Esc   X X X X X X X Switch Between open applications on taskbar.
F1 X X X X X X X X Activates help for current open application.
F2 X X X X X X X X Renames selected Icon.
F3   X X X X X X X Starts find from desktop.
F4   X X X X X X X Opens the drive selection when browsing.
F5   X X X X X X X Refresh Contents.
F10 X X X X X X X X Activates menu bar.
Shift + F10   X X X X X X X Simulates right-click on selected item.
F4   X X X X X X X Select a different location to browse in the Windows Explorer toolbar.
Alt + F4 X X X X X X X X Closes Current open program.
Ctrl + F4 X X X X X X X X Closes Window in Program.
F6   X X X X X X X Move cursor to different Windows Explorer pane.
Ctrl + Space bar X X X X X X X X Drops down the window control menu.
Ctrl + (the '+' key on the keypad)     X X X X X X Automatically adjust the widths of all the columns in Windows explorer
Alt + Enter   X X X X X X X Opens properties window of selected icon or program.
Shift + Del   X X X X X X X Delete programs/files without throwing them into the recycle bin.
Holding Shift X X X X X X X X Boot safe mode or by pass system files as the computer is booting.
Holding Shift   X X X X X X X When putting in an audio CD, will prevent CD Player from playing.
Enter X X X X X X X X Activates the highlighted program.
Alt + Down arrow   X X X X X X X Display all available options on drop down menu.
* (on the keypad)   X X X X X X X Expands all folders on the currently selected folder or drive in Windows Explorer.
+ (on the keypad)   X X X X X X X Expands only the currently selected folder in Windows Explorer.
- (on the keypad)   X X X X X X X Collapses the currently selected folder in Windows Explorer.
                   



Macintosh (Apple) shortcut keys:

Please note that not all of the listed shortcut keys will work in all versions of Mac OS.

Open Apple + Down Opens the selected icon.
Shift + Click Select the icon and add it to the set of those selected.
Tab Highlight the next icon inside the folder, in alphabetical order.
Shift + Tab Highlight the previous icon inside the folder, in alphabetical order.
Left arrow Used when viewing by icon to select the icon to the left of the one highlighted.
Right arrow Used when viewing by icon to select icon to the right of the one highlighted.
Up arrow Used to select the icon above the one currently highlighted.
Down arrow Used to select the icon below the one currently highlighted.
Open Apple + ? Mac help
Open Apple + E Eject
Open Apple + Shift + Up Arrow Used to direct the input focus to the desktop level.
Open Apple + M Minimize window
Open Apple + N New finder window
Open Apple + Shirt + N New folder
Open Apple + W Close the current window.
Open Apple + C Copy the elected item to the clipboard.
Open Apple + X Cut the selected item.
Open Apple + V Paste item from the clipboard
Open Apple + L Make alias
Open Apple + R Show original item
Open Apple + T Add to favorites
Open Apple + O Open the selected icon.
Open Apple + F Display the find dialog box.
Open Apple + G Repeat the last find operation.
Open Apple + Shift + G Takes a snapshot of the screen and saves it to a PICT file.
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